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CASL™ Test Chart

Introducing the clinician's ultimate diagnostic battery. Fifteen tests let you measure specific aspects of oral language ability. You can administer Core tests to derive a global language composite. Supplementary tests provide you with additional diagnostic information.

Basic Concepts

Range Core: 3–4
Sup: 5–6
Measures Comprehension of perceptual & conceptual words.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Receptive
Structure Category Lexical/Semantic
Description Examiner reads a sentence aloud while examinee looks at four pictures. Examinee points to the picture or part of the picture that represents the correct response.
Example Here are some pictures. Point to the little cat.

Antonyms

Range Core: 5–12
Sup: 13–21
Measures Word retrieval & knowledge of opposites.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Retrieval and Expressive
Structure Category Lexical/Semantic
Description Examiner says a stimulus word. Examinee must respond orally with a single word that means the opposite of the stimulus word.
Example Tell me the opposite of yes. Either yes or _____.

Synonyms

Range Core: 13–21
Sup: 7–12
Measures Recognition of two words that have the same meaning.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Receptive
Structure Category Lexical/Semantic
Description Examiner says a stimulus word and four synonym options, then repeats the stimulus word. The examinee chooses the option that means the same as the stimulus.
Example The first word is glad. The four words to choose from are hurt, hungry, sleepy, happy. Which word means the same as glad?

Sentence Completion

Range Sup: 11–21
Measures Word retrieval given the context of a spoken sentence.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Retrieval and Expressive
Structure Category Lexical/Semantic
Description Examiner reads the stimulus sentence, which is missing the last word. The examinee must respond with a single word that meaningfully completes the sentence.
Example In order to start the car, Dad must turn the _____.

Idiomatic Language

Range Sup: 11–21
Measures Oral expression of common idioms
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Expressive
Structure Category Lexical/Semantic
Description Examiner reads the stimulus idiom, which is missing its final part. The examinee must complete the phrase with an acceptable form of the idiom.
Example Finish what I say: After Kim broke the plate, mother said, "Don’t cry over spilled _____."

Syntax Construction

Range Core: 3–10
Sup
: 11–21
Measures Grammatically correct oral expression of phrases & sentences.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Expressive
Structure Category Syntactic
Description Examiner reads the stimulus item while the examinee looks at a picture. The examinee must respond with a word, phrase, or sentence that is grammatically and semantically appropriate.
Example Here the boy is standing (examiner points to the standing boy). Here (examiner points to the sitting boy) the boy is _____.

Paragraph Construction of Syntax

Range Core: 5–10
Sup: 3–4 and 11–12
Measures Comprehension of syntactic structures.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Only one incorrect item (score 0) in a paragraph
Ceiling: Stop testing when the paragraph total is 0 or 1
Processing Skills Receptive
Structure Category Syntactic
Description Examiner reads a stimulus paragraph twice, then reads a series of items relating to the paragraph while the examinee looks at a set of pictures for each item. The examinee must respond by pointing to or giving the number of the correct response.
Example This story is about a family of four. Besides the mom and the dad, there are two children, a boy and a girl. The boy’s name is Rick, while the girl’s name is Anna. Examiner repeats the story and turns the Test Book page so the examinee can see the pictures of the family. Which one is Anna?

Grammatical Morphemes

Range Core: 11–12
Sup: 7–10 and 13–21
Measures Knowledge & expression of grammatical analogies.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Expressive
Structure Category Syntactic
Description The examiner reads one pair of words or phrases that demonstrates an analogy, then reads the first word or phrase of a second pair. The examinee must complete the analogy of the second pair.
Example Skate is to skated, as talk is to _____.

Sentence Comprehension of Syntax

Range Core: 11–12
Sup: 13–21
Measures Given syntactically different sentences, recognition of same or different meanings.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Receptive
Structure Category Syntactic
Description For each item, examiner reads two pairs of stimulus sentences, one pair at a time. The examinee must determine whether both sentences in each pair mean the same thing.
Example The boy watched TV after supper. After he had watched TV, the boy ate supper. Do these two things mean the same? Tell me "yes" or "no."

Grammaticality Judgment

Range Core: 13–21
Sup: 7–12
Measures Judgment of & ability to correct sentence grammar.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: 3 consecutive maximum point awards
Ceiling: 5 consecutive items without the maximum point award
Processing Skills Expressive
Structure Category Syntactic
Description Examiner reads a stimulus sentence that is grammatically either correct or incorrect. The examinee must judge the correctness of the sentence and, if it is incorrect, must correct it by changing only one word.
Example The boy are happy. Does that sound right? If the examinee responds correctly with "no," examiner says: Now make it sound right. Change only one word.

Nonliteral Language

Range Core: 7–21
Measures Understanding of spoken messages independent of literal interpretation.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Primarily Comprehension with Expression
Structure Category Supralinguistic
Description Examiner reads the stimulus item and the accompanying question. The examinee must answer by explaining the nonliteral meaning of the item.
Example When 5-year-old Jimmy started pulling his sister’s hair, Dad said, "Jim, you’re not a puppy anymore." What did he mean?

Meaning from Context

Range Core: 13–21
Sup: 11–12
Measures Derivation of the meaning of words from their linguistic context.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Primarily Comprehension with Expression
Structure Category Supralinguistic
Description Each item contains a very uncommon word. The examiner reads the item and the examinee must explain the meaning of the uncommon word by using context clues.
Example As they paraded slowly through the extremely narrow streets, the band members were so serried that they could hardly play their instruments next to each other. Explain what serried means.

Inference

Range Sup: 7–17
Measures Use of world knowledge to derive meaning from inferences.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Receptive and Expressive
Structure Category Supralinguistic
Description Examiner describes a situation in which part of the information is omitted, then asks an accompanying question. The examinee must answer the question using world knowledge to infer the missing information.
Example Before Jim left for work, he put on a heavy woolen coat. What was the weather like?

Ambiguous Sentences

Range Sup: 11–21
Measures Comprehension of words, phrases, and sentences that have more than one meaning.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Primarily Comprehension with Expression
Structure Category Supralinguistic
Description Examiner reads the stimulus item and examinee must respond with two possible meanings for the item.
Example It is light. Tell me two different meanings for this sentence.

Pragmatic Judgment

Range Core: 3–21
Measures Knowledge & use of appropriate language.
Basal and Ceiling Rules Basal: Score of 1 on 3 consecutive items
Ceiling: Score of 0 on 5 consecutive items
Processing Skills Primarily Expression with Comprehension
Structure Category Pragmatic
Description Examiner reads a situation that represents some aspect of everyday life that requires communication or a pragmatic judgment on the part of the examinee. The examinee responds with the appropriate thing to say or do in the situation.
Example Suppose the telephone rings. You pick it up. What do you say?