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Identify Funds & Grants

Federal funding is distributed to school districts in two ways: formula funds and competitive grants.

Formula Funds

School districts receive the bulk of their federal funding through formulas. The allocation is based on a per-student amount multiplied by the number of students who are eligible. Some examples of federal formula funds are below:

  • Title I, Part A—based on number of students living in poverty
  • Title III—based on number of English language learners
  • IDEA—based on number of students with disabilities.

Competitive Grants

School districts that serve high-poverty populations are eligible for additional funding. To receive a competitive grant, districts must respond to a Request for Proposal and describe in detail how they would use the grant funding. Some examples of federal grants are below:

  • Early Reading First—focused on preschool literacy
  • Enhancing Education Through Technology—focused on technology integration and professional development
  • 21st Century Community Learning Centers—focused on K–12 after school programs

Search for Funding

Use the links below to search for open grant competitions:

  • Grants.gov—comprehensive site for all federal funding opportunities.
  • Education Week—compilation of open federal and foundation grant competitions
  • The Foundation Center—Information is organized by name, state, or philanthropic interest.