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Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills

 

Overview: A quick, empirically based achievement test

Age Range: 18:0-50:11; Grades K-12

Administration: Paper-and-pencil

Completion Time: 45 minutes

Scores/Interpretation: Standard Scores, Confidence Intervals, Percentile Rank, Grade/Age Equivalent, NCES, and Stanines

Scoring Options: Manual Scoring

Publication Date: 2008

 
 
 

Product Details

Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills is a quick and efficient means of assessing reading abilities, spelling abilities, and math calculation skills and determining where to begin diagnostic evaluations and interventions

Features & Benefits

Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills can be used in many settings such as schools, colleges, mental health clinics, private practices, rehabilitation clinics, prisons, and residential treatment facilities. The results can be used for a variety of purposes, such as providing a quick evaluation of school-based skills, utilizing the test as a second alternative measure of achievement, and monitoring academic progress as a result of intervention. Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills is also a useful means for testing in the area of vocational counseling. Profiles gleaned from this test can help vocational counselors outline an intervention strategy for related academic skills with their clients.

School Setting

  • Identify student’s risk for academic difficulty
  • Compare student’s scores to grade or age peers
  • Monitor student’s academic progress through parallel forms
  • Provide evidence that further evaluation and assessment are necessary

Clinical Setting

  • Tailor intake interviews
  • Easily code to ICD-9 standards
  • Complete testing in less than one hour
  • Monitor patient’s academic progress through parallel forms

Extended Utility

        Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI)

Compare results from the Wechsler Fundamentals: Academics Skills to the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence to:

  • Determine a student’s academic strengths and needs based upon an ability-achievement discrepancy analysis
  • Converge and discriminate validity

Areas of Assessment

Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills is composed of four subtests: Word Reading, Reading Comprehension, Spelling, and Numerical Operations. (Table 1.1 provides a brief description of each of the subtests and the Reading Composite)

Table 1.1 Description of Subtest and Composite

Subtest/Composite

Type of Administration

Description

Word Reading

Individual

Assesses word attack and decoding skills
Read aloud from a word list

Reading Comprehension

Group or Individual

Assesses pre-reading and reading comprehension skills
Match written sound blends with pictures Read passages silently and answer multiple-choice content questions

Spelling

Group or Individual

Assesses ability to spell
Write dictated letters, letter blends and words

Numerical Operations

Group or Individual

Assesses the ability to write numbers and calculate
Write one- and two-digit numbers
Solve arithmetic problems involving addition subtraction, multiplication, and division
Solve geometric problems
Solve written algebraic and calculus equations

Reading Composite

N/A

Includes both Word Reading and Reading
Comprehension subtests

 

Administration

Administration Time

Administration times collected during standardization for each subtest show that the test can be completed in a relatively short amount of time. The median administration time for each subtest is presented for each grade and for the adult group in Table 2.2.This table provides an estimate for the average examinee.

Table 2.2. Administration Times (in Minutes) at Which 50% of the Normative Sample Completed Each Subtest by Grade and Adults

Subtest

K

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Adult

Word Reading

1.3

1.9

2.2

2.5

2.6

2.4

2.4

2.1

1.9

2.0

1.8

1.9

1.8

1.9

Spelling

9.5

13.0

10.5

9.8

9.3

8.6

8.4

7.2

9.4

8.4

8.6

8.1

8.2

9.2

Numerical Operations

9.1

9.1

11.0

11.7

13.9

14.3

14.5

14.5

14.6

14.5

14.5

14.5

14.5

14.5

Total

21.1

26.4

24.9

25.0

25.9

26.1

26.3

25.8

27.1

26.4

26.0

25.6

20.6

26.5

Note: Includes time to give directions.

a The median of the Total time is not the sum of the median of each subtest because the distributions are different for subtest times and Total times.

Kit Materials

Materials included in the Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills:

  • Administration and Scoring Manual (binder, page inserts, and tabs)
  • Technical and Interpretive Manual (on CD)
  • Word Card
  • Summary of Skills Inventory and Word Reading Record Forms
  • Spelling and Numerical Operations Response Booklets
  • Reading Comprehension Response Booklets

Materials that you must provide:

  • A stopwatch (one that operates quietly) or a watch or clock with a second hand
  • Pencils without erasers for each examinee

Individual Administration

When administering the Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills to an individual, you and the examinee should sit at the corner of a desk or table so that you are sitting at one side and the examinee at the other. The furniture should be comfortable and appropriately sized for the examinee. The desk or table should have a smooth surface. Hold the record form so that the examinee cannot see what you are writing or view any of the correct responses listed on it. The record form may be attached to a clipboard if preferred, but you should avoid any self-conscious efforts to conceal materials because such behavior may make the examinee uncomfortable.

The Word Reading subtest should always be administered individually, in a quiet area, out of hearing range from the other examinees.

Group Administration

One of the administrative benefits of the Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills is that three of the four subtests can be group administered – Spelling, Numerical Operations, and Reading Comprehension. When administering the subtests to a group, it is important to make sure that all examinees within the group have the same start and stop points for the subtests being administered.

During group administration, seating arrangements are important for efficient test administration. The furniture should be comfortable and appropriately sized for the examinees. The desks or tables should have a smooth surface. Examinees should be seated far enough away from each other to avoid the potential of examinees looking at each other’s response booklets during administration. Circulate throughout the group during administration to ensure that the examinees are following directions and are on the correct item number. When administering the test to a relatively large group, it is recommended that an additional proctor be used for every 8–10 examinees.

Scoring

The Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills is nationally standardized on 3,490 individuals and features normative information, including age- and grade-based standard scores, percentiles, and age and grade equivalents for each of the subtests.

Ability-achievement discrepancy comparisons can be conducted to help identify skill strengths and needs; however, further referral and testing by qualified personnel would be required to diagnose specific disabilities in learning as outlined in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1997 and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004.

Resources

Correlations With a Measure of Ability

The Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI; Wechsler, 1999) were administered to a subgroup of the normative sample. A total of 88 examinees in Grades 1–12 (ages 6–19; average age = 12) were tested with the WASI and the Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills. The grade-based and age-based samples were 47.73% female and 52.27% male. The average interval between testing times was 11 days.

Table 2.16



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Table 2.17



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Tables 2.16 and 2.17 Present the grade-based and age-based correlations for the sample, respectively, between the subtest scores of the Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills and the IQ scores of the WASI. As expected from other research on ability-achievement correlations (e.g., Sattler, 2001), the correlations for the grade-based standard scores ranged from .49 to .69 with the Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) scores. The age-based standard scores demonstrated a similar pattern, ranging from .53 to .72 with the FSIQ scores. The correlations between all the subtests and overall ability confirmed the expectation that these subtests address curriculum objectives that require a certain amount of cognitive skill as measured on the WASI.

*Please note: this is all correlational data and can not be used to compute scores.

Pricing & Ordering

Order Complete Kit

Order Components

 
Manual Scoring
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  • Kits

    Price

    Qty

     
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Examination Kit Form A
    0158340353
    $199.90
     
    Administration Manual, Word Card, 25 Summary of Skills Inventory and Word Reading Record Forms, Reading Comprehension Response Booklets: Grade K-3 (5 singles); Grade 4-5 (5 singles); Grade 6-8 (5 singles); Grade 9-12 (5 singles);Adult (5 singles),25 Spelling and Numerical Operations Response Booklets
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Combination Set Form A
    015834037X
    $103.80
     
    25 Summary of Skills Inventory and Word Reading Record Forms, Reading Comprehension Response Booklets: Grade K-3 (5 singles); Grade 4-5 (5 singles); Grade 6-8 (5 singles); Grade 9-12 (5 singles); Adult (5 singles), 25 Spelling and Numerical Operations Response Booklets
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Combination Set Form B
    0158340450
    $103.80
     
    Includes 25 Summary of Skills Inventory and Word Reading Record Forms, 25 Spelling and Numerical Operations Response Booklets, and Reading Comprehension Response Booklets (5 singles) Gr K-3, Gr 4-5, Gr 6-8, Gr 9-12, and Adult
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Grade K-3 Standard Kit
    Form A
    0158340507
    $202.50
     
    Administration Manual, Word Card, 25 Summary of Skills Inventory and Word Reading Record Forms, 25 Reading Comprehension Response Booklets, 25 Spelling and Numerical Operations Response Booklets
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Grade 4-5 Standard Kit
    Form A
    0158340515
    $202.50
     
    Administration Manual, Word Card, 25 Summary of Skills Inventory and Word Reading Record Forms, 25 Reading Comprehension Response Booklets, 25 Spelling and Numerical Operations Response Booklets
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Grade 6-8 Standard Kit
    Form A
    0158340523
    $202.50
     
    Administration Manual, Word Card, 25 Summary of Skills Inventory and Word Reading Record Forms, 25 Reading Comprehension Response Booklets, 25 Spelling and Numerical Operations Response Booklets
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Grade 9-12 Standard Kit Form A
    0158340531
    $202.50
     
    Administration Manual, Word Card, 25 Summary of Skills Inventory and Word Reading Record Forms, 25 Reading Comprehension Response Booklets, 25 Spelling and Numerical Operations Response Booklets
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Adult Standard Kit Form A
    015834054X
    $202.50
     
    Administration Manual, Word Card, 25 Summary of Skills Inventory and Word Reading Record Forms, 25 Reading Comprehension Response Booklets and 25 Spelling and Numerical Operations Response Booklets
  • Manuals

    Price

    Qty

     
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Academic Skills Manual
    0158340639
    $103.80
     
  • Administration Materials

    Price

    Qty

     
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Summary of Skills Inventory and Word Reading Record Forms
    015834040X
    $50.50
     
    Form A - Pkg of 25
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Summary of Skills Inventory and Word Reading Record Forms
    0158340469
    $49.50
     
    Form B - Pkg of 25
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Reading Comprehension Response Booklets
    0158340035
    $50.50
     
    Form A - Grade K-3 - Pkg of 25
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Reading Comprehension Response Booklets
    0158340043
    $50.50
     
    Form A - Grades 4-5 - Pkg of 25
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Reading Comprehension Response Booklets
    0158340051
    $50.50
     
    Form A - Grades 6-8 - Pkg of 25
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Reading Comprehension Response Booklets
    015834006X
    $50.50
     
    Form A—Grades 9–12 (Pkg of 25)
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Reading Comprehension Response Booklets
    0158340078
    $50.50
     
    Form A - Adult - Pkg of 25
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Reading Comprehension Response Booklets
    0158340477
    $50.50
     
    Form B - Grade K-3 - Pkg of 25
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Reading Comprehension Response Booklets
    0158340485
    $50.50
     
    Form B - Grades 4-5 - Pkg of 25
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Reading Comprehension Response Booklets
    0158340493
    $50.50
     
    Form B - Grades 6-8 Pkg of 25
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Reading Comprehension Response Booklets
    0158340604
    $50.50
     
    Form B - Grades 9-12 Pkg of 25
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: - Form B-Adult
    0158340612
    $50.50
     
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Spelling and Numerical Operations Response Booklets
    0158340213
    $50.50
     
    Form A - Pkg of 25
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Spelling and Numerical Operations Response Booklets
    0158340620
    $50.50
     
    Form B - Pkg of 25
  • Additional Materials

    Price

    Qty

     
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Form A Word Card
    0158340388
    $11.40
     
  • Wechsler Fundamentals: Form B Word Card
    0158340434
    $11.40
     
 
 
 
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