Overview: Assessment of validity, physical symptoms, psychological, character, environment, and social factors that can impact response to normal course of treatment and recovery of patients being treated for pain and injury.
Age Range: Individuals 18-65
Other Languages: Spanish
Administration: Paper-and-pencil, computer administration
Completion Time: Approximately 30 minutes (217 multiple-choice)
Q-global™ Web-based Administration, Scoring, and Reporting; Q Local™ Scoring and Reporting Desktop Software; Mail-in Scoring Service; Fax-in Scoring Service and PAD Scoring Service
Telepractice: Tips on using this test in your telepractice
Report Options: Profile, Basic Interpretive, Enhanced Interpretive, Progress Reports, and Medical Intervention Risk Report
Publication Date: 2003
Designed to present a concise, coordinated assessment of the biopsychosocial issues that are most relevant in evaluating patients with injuries. Because psychological and social factors that go undetected can significantly interfere with a patient's response to treatment, the BHI 2 test can help caregivers shape an appropriate treatment plan, that may reduce treatment time and improve a patient's quality of life.
How to Use This Test
The BHI 2 test can be used by psychologists, psychiatrists, anesthesiologists, neurologists, physical therapists, surgeons, rehabilitation specialists, and nurses to help:
- Evaluate a patient's readiness for medical and behavioral interventions
- Meet evidence based medical treatment guidelines outlined for good clinical practice
- Measure the relationship and impact of physical, environmental, and psychological factors on the patient's treatment
- Support evaluations involving injuries, worker's compensation, and psychological factors
- Evaluate treatment effectiveness and monitor clinical outcomes
- Facilitate communication within a multidisciplinary treatment team or between physicians and psychologists
- Takes approximately 30 minutes to administer.
- Objective results help reduce treatment time, improve treatment planning, and improve the patient's quality of life.
- Helps measure numerous outcomes, including reduction of pain, improvement in function, and satisfaction with care
- Includes 31 Critical Items that highlight clinical concerns such as Addiction Concerns, Compensation Focus, Sleep Disorders, Satisfaction with Care, Suicidal Ideation, and Violent Tendencies.
- Content areas within each scale help distinguish specific reasons for problems.
Physical Symptom Scales
- Somatic Complaints
- Pain Complaints
- Functional Complaints
- Muscular Bracing
- Symptom Dependency
- Chronic Maladjustment
- Substance Abuse
- Family Dysfunction
- Survivor of Violence
- Doctor Dissatisfaction
- Job Dissatisfaction
Risk Factors (Medical Intervention Risk Report)
- Addiction History
- Addiction Potential
Nonadaptive Coping Styles (Medical Intervention Risk Report)
The BHI 2 test was normed using a sample of 725 community individuals and a sample of 527 physical rehabilitation and chronic pain patients. Reports compare the patient to both norm groups and use the average physical rehabilitation patient as a benchmark for interpretations and clinical recommendations.
As well as comparing the patient to the community sample and the patient sample, the BHI 2 instrument also compares the patient to individuals with a similar condition for the five reference groups listed below. These groups are based on common diagnostic categories of injuries often seen in rehabilitation settings and are used by the Pain Complaints scale.
- Head injury/headache
- Neck injury
- Upper extremity injury
- Lower extremity injury
- Back injury
In addition, the Pain Complaints scale uses a chronic pain reference group, while the Defensiveness and Self-Disclosure scales use reference groups for symptom magnification and symptom minimization as additional benchmarks for clinical interpretation.
Medical Intervention Risk Report (NEW!)
A half-page graphical profile succinctly summarizes patient scores on 5 Psychosocial Risk Factors, and 2 Nonadaptive Coping Styles. Interpretive statements are offered for all scores and a final section provides recommended interventions to reduce risk and highlights patient strengths.
This concise graphical report enables the clinician to monitor the patient's progress over time; provided at no additional charge.
View a sample Progress Report.
Provides a patient profile that includes a graphical representation of the patient's raw and T scores in comparison to both the patient and community norms, as well as the patient's rating and percentile. The report also includes a section on Validity Issues, Critical Items, Content Areas, Omitted Items, and Item Responses.
View a sample Profile Report.
Basic Interpretive Report
Provides a concise interpretation of test results, including a profile graph and scale summary. The report also includes brief scale category narratives including validity issues, Pain Complaints Item Responses, Content Areas, Critical Items, Omitted Items, Item Responses, Treatment Recommendation, and a Patient Summary.
View a sample Basic Interpretive Report.
Enhanced Interpretive Report
Provides a more extensive interpretation of the patient's test results, including in-depth scale category narratives. In additional to all the components of the Basic Interpretive Report , this report also includes section on Somatic Complaints, Item Responses, and Diagnostic Probabilities.
Q-global™ Web-based Administration, Scoring, and Reporting – Enables you to quickly assess and efficiently organize examinee information, generate scores, and produce accurate comprehensive reports all via the Web.
Q Local™ Scoring and Reporting Desktop Software - Enables you to score assessments, report results, and store and export data on your computer.
Mail-in Scoring Service - Specially designed answer sheets are mailed to Pearson for processing within 24–48 hours of receipt; results returned via regular mail.
Fax-in Scoring Service – A Fax-in form is completed and included with your fax-in answer sheets. Pearson processes these within 24 hours of receipt; results returned via fax.
PAD (Patient Assessment Device) Hand-held Electronic Device - Administer the test on a portable, hand-held device. The PAD is placed on a docking station connected to a printer and a results report is printed immediately
Using Psychological Evaluations to Improve Patient Care and Outcomes