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ESP Technical Information

Publication Data

Instrument name/abbreviation Early Screening Profiles (ESP)
Author(s) Patti Harrison, Alan Kaufman, Nadeen Kaufman, Robert Bruininks, John Rynders, Steven Ilmer, Sara Sparrow, Domenic Cicchetti
Publisher/address Pearson Assessments, Bloomington, MN
Copyright date 1990

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Product Description

Brief description The ESP is an ecological assessment battery that uses multiple domains, settings, and sources to measure the cognitive, motor, self-help/social, articulation, health development, and home environment of young children.
Primary use/purpose Screening
Age range covered 2:0–6:11
Administration time 15–30 minutes
Individual vs. group Individually administered, either as a mass screening or one-on-one by a single examiner.
User qualifications Level B

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Content

Domains ESP screens the five major developmental areas specified by P.L. 99-457: cognitive, language, motor, self-help, and social development.
Component names ESP consists of 3 norm-referenced profiles and 4 non-norm-referenced surveys. These components can be used independently or in any combination.

They are:
  • Cognitive/Language Profile
  • Motor Profile
  • Self-Help/Social Profile
  • Articulation Survey
  • Home Survey
  • Health History Survey
  • Behavior Survey
Composite names Total Screening (a composite of the three profiles).
Subtest names The Cognitive/Language Profile consists of 2 subscales and 2 subtests, as follows: the Cognitive subscale includes 2 cognitive, nonverbal subtests (Visual Discrimination and Logical Relations), and the Language subscale includes 2 language subtests (Verbal Concepts and Basic School Skills).
Forms One
Materials included in the kit
  • administration manual
  • easel
  • Motor Profile booklet
  • bag of manipulatives (beads, string, tape measure)
  • packet of record forms
  • packet of Self-Help/Social Profiles
  • packet of Home/Health questionnaires
  • packet of Score Summaries

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Item Information

Item types Cognitive/Language Profile and Articulation Survey: the child points or responds verbally to the picture on the easel. Motor Profile: the child walks, jumps, strings beads, draws lines and shapes, and completes a pencil maze. Self-Help/Social Profile, Home Survey, Health History Survey, and Behavior Survey are all questionnaires.
Response format Depends on the item type (see above).
Item scoring 1 pass, 0 fail for Cognitive/Language Profile and Articulation Survey Directions are provided for Motor scoring. A 5-point Likert scale is used for Behavior Survey items; a 3-point Likert scales is used for Self-Help/Social Profile items. A scoring guide is provided for the Home Survey. The Health History Survey is not scored.

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Scoring Information

Scoring options ESP makes use of a two-level scoring system (see below).
Derived scores available-Subtests Level I scores are available for the 2 subscales of the Cognitive/Language Profile; all of the subscales and subtests of the Cognitive/Language Profile can be scored using Level II scores.
Derived scores available-Composites Both Level I and Level II scores are available for the Total Screening composite.
Norm groups available 1990 U.S. Census
Interpretive features Manual contains extensive interpretation chapter; separate score summary for Levels I and II is available; manual includes blackline report to parents.
Computerized scoring No

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Technical Information—Standardization

Description ESP norms are based on a representative national sample of 1,149 children, from age 2:0 through 6:11.
Date 1987–1988
Size 1,149 children
Based on the U.S. census data in the year 1990.

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Sample

Controlled for:   Females Males
Age/Gender Y Y
Race Y Y
Geographic region Y Y
SES/parent education Y Y
Community size N N
Special populations included N N

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Reliability

Internal consistency Y
Test - retest Y
Interrater Y
Standard errors of measurement Y

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Validity

Intercorrelations Y
Content Y
Construct Y
Concurrent 9 studies
Predictive 5 studies
Factor analysis N
Clinical sample Y

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Other

Other instruments used in correlation studies K-ABC, PPVT-R, Vineland, DIAL-R, Bruinicks-Oseretsky, Battelle Developmental Inventory, Denver Developmental Screening Test, Metropolitan Readiness Tests, Metropolitan Achievement Test, Standford-Binet, Naglieri Draw-A-Person, Goodenough-Harris Drawing Test, McCarthy Draw-A-Child, Bracken Screening Test
Developmental history The ESP’s assessment of each of the five domains was designed by a leader in assessment in that field.
Special features Thoroughness in contact coverage and scores available.
Federal mandates met Assesses all five of the areas mandated by P.L. 99-457.
Adaptation for special needs Manual suggests some adaptations, such as evaluating cognitive language ability separately for children with language problems or who are not native English speakers.
Sensitivity to other cultures See above.
Training options available Manual includes training suggestions and blackline masters used to train examiners.

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