Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning, Second Edition
The WRAML2 is a broad based memory battery that allows clinicians to assess at a variety of levels beginning with a brief screener and continuing with additional subtests to gather the information needed to accurately evaluate or diagnose.
WRAML2 features and benefits
- We took the best parts of the WRAML memory test and enhanced them to increase usability. The WRAML2 now includes standard scores, scaled scores, and percentiles. For the child and pre-adolescent age groups, we have provided age equivalents.
- New age norms from 5-90 years. We used a stratified sampling technique to construct the norms based on age, sex, race, region, and education.
- Increased flexibility. The four subtests from the Core Battery provide an overview of memory functioning. Several subtests supplement the Core Battery, allowing you to choose additional subtests and indexes to further enhance your working memory assessment capabilities.
WRAML2 test structure
The WRAML2 Core Battery is composed of two verbal, two visual, and two attention/concentration subtests, yielding a General Memory Index consisting of:
- Verbal Memory Index
- Visual Memory Index
- Attention/Concentration Index
Additionally, this edition now includes the Working Memory Index, which comprises the Symbolic Working Memory and Verbal Working Memory subtests and four recognition subtests:
- Design Recognition
- Picture Recognition
- Verbal Recognition
- Story Memory Recognition
WRAML2 psychometric information
The alpha coefficient for the General Index is .93.
Reliability coefficients for the Core Battery
Verbal Memory Index
Visual Memory Index
Attention / Concentration Index
Frequently asked questions follow. Click on a question to see the response.
How long does it take?
The WRAML2 can be tailored to meet the clinician’s needs. There is a screening version (4 subtests) which yield Verbal and Visual Memory Indexes, along with an overall Screening Index. Administration time for an experienced clinician, depending on the client’s pacing, is around 20-30 minutes. The standard battery is 6 subtests and yields, in addition to the Verbal and Visual Memory Indexes, an Attention/Concentration Index and a General Memory Index. Total time is around 35-40 minutes. For those wanting more qualitative and comparison data (e.g., a comprehensive n-p battery), the standard battery and all optional subtests take about 60-70 minutes.
What is the best way to interpret the scores?
In addition to material in the accompanying manual there is an Essentials book (Wiley) on the WRAML2 (and TOMAL), co-authored by Wayne Adams and Cecil Reynolds. The WRAML2 portion of that book provides a thorough overview, practical how-to’s, cautions, and interpretive paths to consider.
How does the WRAML2 differ from other Pearson products that assess memory?
The WRAML2 is a lifespan product (ages 5-90 years) that quickly and efficiently allows clinicians to assess memory function vs. WMS-IV (ages 16-90) and CMS (ages 5-16).