Brown Executive Function/Attention Scales
(Brown EF/A Scales™)
Overview: Measure DSM-5 symptoms of ADHD along with less apparent impairments of executive functioning
Age Range: 3 through adult
Completion Time: 10–15 minutes
Forms: Four: Primary/Preschool (ages 3–7); School-age (ages 8–12); Adolescent (ages 13–18); Adult (ages 19+)
Scoring Options: Digital with Q-global® web-based system or paper-and-pencil
Publication Date: Coming Late 2018
ADHD is a complex impairment that impacts academic, social, emotional, and behavioral development for both children and adults. As an update to the widely used Brown ADD Scales™ the Brown EF/A Scales go beyond other measures to screen and assess a wider range of impairments of executive functioning and attention.
Some features of this revision include:
- Fully updated norms (for ages 3 through adults)
- New and updated test items that improve clarity and clinical relevance
- Based on Dr. Brown's six cluster model of executive functions
- New parent form available for adolescents
- Both gender-specific and combined-gender norms available for all age groups
- Includes DSM-5 symptoms of ADHD and more
- Digital administration and scoring available with Q-global® web based system
What makes Brown EF/A Scales different?
Helps address situational variability: The clinical presentation of ADHD is generally variable, the symptoms are situational, and the degree to which a patient exhibits them may be observed and interpreted differently by various observers.1 The Brown EF/A scales will provide a comprehensive evaluation of an individual's ADHD symptoms by analyzing their behavior using multiple perspectives: the examinee's self-perspective, teacher's perspective and parents' perspective.
Items are more specific and contextual: Patients with ADHD experience situational variability and have the ability to focus on certain activities which hold strong interest for them. The Brown EF/A scales will include items that are more specific and ask about difficulties they might encounter in a specific context, e.g. difficulty remembering what has been read (when reading is assigned, not self-selected texts).
Focus on severity as opposed to frequency: The items on the Brown EF/A scales, unlike other instruments will focus on severity of specific behaviors as opposed to frequency. This will allow examinees to directly and more accurately report symptoms they perceive to be problems.
Includes DSM-5 symptoms of ADHD and more: In addition to diagnostic criteria for ADHD defined in DSM-5, the Brown EF/A scales also assess other important aspects of executive function impairments found in persons with ADHD, but not yet included in DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for ADD/ADHD.
Based on Dr. Brown's model of Executive Functions: The Brown EF/A scales are based on Dr. Brown's six cluster model of executive functions that has been well recognized and explained in books and articles for more than a decade.
1 Gualtieri CT, Johnson LG. ADHD: is objective diagnosis possible? Psychiatry. 2005;2(11):44-53.